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Moroccan Constitution In English

The Constitution of the Kingdom of Morocco

Adopted on September 13th, 1996


PREAMBLE

An Islamic and fully sovereign state whose official language is Arabic, the Kingdom of
Morocco constitutes a part of the Great Arab Maghreb.

As an African state, it has, among its objectives, the realisation of African unity.
Aware of the need of incorporating its work within the frame of the international
organisations of which it has become an active and dynamic member, the Kingdom of
Morocco fully adheres to the principles, rights and obligations arising from the charters of
such organisations, as it reaffirms its determination to abide by the universally recognised
human rights.

Likewise, it reaffirms its determination to continue its steady endeavours towards the
safeguard of peace and security in the world.

CHAPTER ONE:

GENERAL PROVISIONS. BASIC PRINCIPLES

ARTICLE 1
Morocco shall have a democratic, social and constitutional Monarchy.

ARTICLE 2
Sovereignty shall be that of the People who shall exercise it directly, by means of referendum,
or indirectly, through the constitutional institutions.

ARTICLE 3
Political parties, unions, district councils and trade chambers shall participate in the
organisation and representation of the citizens.
There shall be no one-party system.

ARTICLE 4
The law shall be the supreme expression of the will of the Nation. All shall abide by it. The
law shall have no retroactive effect.

ARTICLE 5
All Moroccan citizens shall be equal before the law.

ARTICLE 6
Islam shall be the state religion. The state shall guarantee freedom of worship for all.

ARTICLE 7
The emblem of the Kingdom shall be a red flag with a five-pointed green star in the center.
The motto of the Kingdom shall be : GOD, THE COUNTRY, THE KING.

ARTICLE 8
Men and women shall enjoy equal political rights. Any citizen of age enjoying his or her civil
and political rights shall be eligible to vote.

ARTICLE 9
The constitution shall guarantee all citizens the following:
(a) freedom of movement through, and of settlement in, all parts of the Kingdom;
(b) freedom of opinion, of expression in all its forms, and of public gathering;
(c) freedom of association, and the freedom to belong to any union or political group of their
choice.
No limitation, except by law, shall be put to the exercise of such freedoms.

ARTICLE 10
No one shall be arrested, put into custody or penalised except under the circumstances and
procedures prescribed by law.
The home shall be inviolable. Search warrant shall be issued and investigation ordered under
the conditions and procedures prescribed by law.

ARTICLE 11
Secrecy of personal correspondence shall be preserved.

ARTICLE 12
Opportunities for employment in public offices and positions shall be uniformly open to all
citizens.

ARTICLE 13

All citizens shall have equal rights in seeking education and employment .


ARTICLE 14
The right of strike shall be guaranteed.
Conditions and ways of exercising such a right shall be defined by an organic law.

ARTICLE 15
The right of private property and free enterprise shall be guaranteed.
The law shall put limitations to its extent and use if so required by the socio-economic
development planned for the Nation.
No expropriation shall be ordered except under such circumstances and provisions as
prescribed by law.

ARTICLE 16
All citizens shall contribute to the defence of the Country.

ARTICLE 17
All citizens shall, according to their contributory power, bear public costs which shall be
enacted and allocated only by the law, and in the manner stipulated in the provisions of the
present Constitution.

ARTICLE 18
All shall, in solidarity, bear the costs resulting from disasters suffered by the Nation.


CHAPTER TWO :

MONARCHY

ARTICLE 19
The King, "Amir Al-Muminin"(Commander of the Faithful), shall be the Supreme
Representative of the Nation and the Symbol of the unity thereof. He shall be the guarantor of
the perpetuation and the continuity of the State. As Defender of the Faith, He shall ensure the
respect for the Constitution. He shall be the Protector of the rights and liberties of the citizens,
social groups and organisations.

The King shall be the guarantor of the independence of the Nation and the territorial integrity
of the Kingdom within all its rightful boundaries.

ARTICLE 20 

The Moroccan Crown and the constitutional rights thereof shall be hereditary and handed
down, from father to son, to descendants in direct male line and by order of primogeniture
among the offspring of His Majesty King Hassan II, unless the King should, during his
lifetime, designate a successor among his sons apart from the eldest one. In case of failing
descendants in direct male line, the right of succession to the Throne shall, under the same
conditions, be invested in the closest male in the collateral consanguinity.

ARTICLE 21
The King shall be considered minor until he turns sixteen. During the King's phase of
minority, a Regency Council shall assume the powers of the constitutional rights of the
Crown, with the exception of those pertaining to the revision of the Constitution.
The Regency Council shall serve as an advisory board to the King until he turns twenty.
The Regency Council shall be presided over by the First President of the Supreme Court. It
shall include, in addition to its Chairman, the President of the House of Representatives, the
President of the House of Counsellors , the Chairman of the Rabat and Salé Ulama Council
(of scholars), and ten dignitaries appointed with the King's own accord.
Rules of procedure of the Regency Council shall be governed by an organic law.

ARTICLE 22
The King shall be entitled to a Civil List.

ARTICLE 23
The person of the King shall be sacred and inviolable.

ARTICLE 24
The King shall appoint the Prime Minister.
Upon the Prime Minister's recommendation, the King shall appoint the other Cabinet
members as he may terminate their services.
The King shall terminate the services of the Government either on his own initiative or
because of their resignation.

ARTICLE 25
The King shall preside over Cabinet meetings.

ARTICLE 26
The King shall promulgate a definitively adopted law within the thirty days following its
receipt by the Government.

ARTICLE 27 

The King may dissolve the two Houses of Parliament or one thereof by Royal Decree, in
accordance with the conditions prescribed in Articles 71 and 73.

ARTICLE 28
The King shall have the right to deliver addresses to the Nation and to the Parliament. The
messages shall be read out before both Houses and shall not be subject to any debate.

ARTICLE 29
The King shall, by Royal Decrees, exercise the statutory powers explicitly conferred upon
him by the Constitution.
Royal Decrees shall be countersigned by the Prime Minister, with the exception of those
provided for in Articles 21 (Paragraph 2), 24 (paragraphs 1, 3 and 4), 35, 69,71, 79, 84, 91, 99
and 105.

ARTICLE 30
The King shall be the Commander-in-chief of the Royal Armed Forces. He shall make civil
and military appointments and shall reserve the right to delegate such a power.

ARTICLE 31
The King shall accredit ambassadors to foreign nations and international organisations.
Ambassadors or representatives of international organisations shall be accredited to him.
The King shall sign and ratify treaties. However, treaties committing State finances shall not
be ratified without having been approved under the law.
Treaties likely to affect the constitutional provisions shall be approved in accordance with the
procedures prescribed for the modification of the Constitution.
ARTICLE 32
The King shall preside over the Supreme Council of the Magistracy, the Supreme Council of
Education and the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction and Planning.

ARTICLE 33
The King shall appoint magistrates in accordance with the conditions prescribed in Article 84.

ARTICLE 34
The King shall exercise the right of granting pardon.

ARTICLE 35
Should the integrity of the national territory ever be under threat or should any event interrupt
the course of action of the constitutional institutions, the King shall, after consulting with the  President of the House of Representatives and the president of the House of Counsellors as
well as the Chairman of the Constitutional Council, and addressing the Nation, have the right
to declare a State of Emergency by Royal Decree.

Notwithstanding all contrary provisions, he shall hence assume the responsibility of taking all
the necessary measures for the country's defence and the restoration of a normal functioning
of constitutional institutions and State affairs.

The State of Emergency shall not entail the dissolution of the Parliament.
The State of Emergency shall be terminated according to the same procedure followed in the
proclamation thereof.

CHAPTER THREE:

ORGANISATION OF THE PARLIAMENT

ARTICLE 36
The Parliament shall be made up of two Houses, the House of Representatives and the
House of Counsellors .Members of the Houses shall hold their mandate from the Nation.
Their right to vote shall be personal and cannot be delegated.

ARTICLE 37
Members of the House of Representatives shall be elected for a six- year term by direct
universal suffrage. The legal legislative period shall end at the opening of the October
session in the fifth year following the election of the House.
The number of representatives as well as the voting system, eligibility requirements,
incompatibility cases, legal contentions concerning elections shall be set out in an
organic law.
The President shall be elected first at the beginning of the legislative period, then at the
April session in the third year of the said period and for the remaining portion thereof.
Members of the Board shall be elected for one year; their number shall be in proportion
to their respective groups.

ARTICLE 38
For 3/5 of its membership, the House of Counsellors shall consist of members elected in
each region by electoral colleges made up of elected members of trade chambers as well
as members elected at the national level by an electoral college consisting of wageearners'
representatives.

Members of the House of Counsellors shall be elected for a nine-year term. One third of
the House shall be renewed every three years. In the first and second renewal operations, seats shall be drawn by lot. The number of counsellors as well as the voting
system, the number of members to be elected by each electoral college, the distribution
of seats according to regions, eligibility requirements, incompatibility cases, balloting
procedures mentioned above and legal contentions concerning elections shall be set out
in an organic law.

The President of the House of Counsellors and members of the Board shall be elected at
the October session during each renewal operation in the House. Members of the Board
shall be elected in proportion to the size of their respective groups.

Upon the setting up of the first House of Counsellors or upon its election following the
dissolution of the preceding House, the President and the members of the Board shall be
elected at the beginning of the session which follows the election; they shall seek renewal
of their term of office at the beginning of the October session during each renewal
operation in the House.

ARTICLE 39
No member of Parliament shall be prosecuted, arrested, put into custody or brought to trial as
a result of expressing opinions or casting a vote while exercising office functions, except
when the opinions expressed may be injurious to the monarchical system and the religion of
Islam or derogatory to the respect owed the king.

During parliamentary sessions, no member of Parliament shall be subject to prosecution or
arrest for criminal charges or felonies, besides those mentioned in the preceding paragraph,
without permission from the House except flagrante delicto.

Outside parliamentary sessions, no member of Parliament shall be subject to arrest without
permission from the Board of the House , except flagrante delicto, or in the case of authorised
prosecution or final judgement.

The imprisonment or prosecution of a member of Parliament shall be suspended if so
required by the House, except flagrante delicto or in the case of authorised prosecution or
final judgment.

ARTICLE 40
The Parliament shall hold its meetings during two sessions a year. The King shall preside
over the opening of the first session which shall begin on the second Friday in October. The
second session shall begin on the second Friday in April.
When the Parliament convenes for at least three months during one session, the session may
be adjourned by decree.

ARTICLE 41
The Parliament may be convened in special session either at the request of the absolute
majority of the members of one of the two Houses or by decree.

Special sessions of the Parliament shall be held on the basis of a defined agenda. Once the
agenda fully addressed, the session shall be adjourned by decree.

 ARTICLE 42
Cabinet members may attend the meetings of each House and those of the committees
thereof; they shall, in this respect, have the right to commission their own assistants.

Apart from the standing committees referred to in the preceding paragraph, parliamentary
fact-finding committees may be established on the King's initiative or upon the request of the
majority of the members of one of the two Houses and within each House , with the
mission of inquiring about specific facts and submitting findings thereon to that House.

There shall be no fact-finding committees in cases involving prosecutions, and as long as
these are being conducted.

The mission of any fact-finding committee which may be established shall end with the
opening of the judicial investigation pertaining to the instances bringing about the
establishment thereof.

Fact-finding committees shall by nature be temporary. Their mission shall end with the
submission of their reports. The functioning of these committees shall be governed by an
organic law.

ARTICLE 43
Meetings of the Houses of Parliament shall be open to the public. Proceedings of the debates
shall be published in extenso in the Gazette.
Each House may hold private meetings if so requested by the Prime Minister, or by a third of
its members.

ARTICLE 44
Each House shall establish and vote on its own Rules of Procedure. These shall not, however,
go into effect until they are declared by the Constitutional Council as consistent with the
provisions of this Constitution.

POWERS OF THE PARLIAMENT

ARTICLE 45
Legislation shall be voted on by Parliament. For a limited period of time, and for a defined
purpose, the Government may be empowered by law to take, by decree, measures normally
falling within the purview of the law. Decrees shall become effective immediately after the
publication thereof; however, they shall be submitted, for ratification, to the Parliament
within the time limits set by the empowering law. Should either House be dissolved, such a
law shall become void. 

ARTICLE 46
In addition to jurisdiction matters explicitly assigned in other articles of the Constitution, the
Legislative Power shall have competence in the following areas:
(a) the individual and collective rights enumerated in Chapter One of the present Constitution;
(b) determining offences and the appropriate penalties, the penal and civil procedure and the
promulgation of new categories of jurisdiction;
(c) the statute of magistrates;
(d) the general statute of public offices;
(e) the fundamental guarantees granted civil and military personnel;
(f) the electoral system of local assemblies and councils;
(g) the regulation of civil and commercial liabilities;
(h) the establishment of new public agencies;
(i) the nationalisation of enterprises or the transfer thereof from the public to the private
sector.
The Parliament shall be empowered to vote on basic laws pertaining to the fundamental
objectives of the activities of the State in economic, social and cultural areas.

ARTICLE 47
Matters outside the purview of legislature shall come under statutory jurisdiction.

ARTICLE 48
Legislated bills may be amended by decree, with the consent of the Constitutional Council
and when they fall within the jurisdiction of the authority holding statutory power.

ARTICLE 49
A state of martial law may be declared by Royal Decree for a period of thirty days. This
duration may be extended by law only.

ARTICLE 50
The appropriation law shall be voted on by the Parliament under conditions prescribed by an
organic law.

Capital expenditures resulting from development plans shall be voted on only at the time the
Parliament approves such plans. These expenditures shall automatically be extended throughout the period of the plan. The Government alone shall have the prerogative to submit draft bills aimed at modifying programs thus adopted.

If, by the end of the fiscal year , the budget is not voted on or is not promulgated as a result of
its submission to the Constitutional Council in accordance with Article 81, the Government
shall, by decree and in accordance with the budgetary proposals submitted for approval, be
entitled to allocate funds necessary for the operation of the public services and the exercise of
the functions thereof.

In such a case, revenues shall be collected in accordance with the legislative and statutory
prescriptions in force, except, however, those revenues to be cancelled under the proposed
appropriation law. As for those to be cut down under the same law, they shall be collected at
the proposed new rate.

ARTICLE 51
Proposals and amendments introduced by Members of Parliament shall not be acceptable
when the adoption thereof might affect the proposed I appropriation law by causing a
decrease in public resources, an increase in a public expenditure or the creation of a new one.

THE EXERCISE OF THE LEGISLATIVE POWER

ARTICLE 52
The right to introduce laws shall equally be granted the Prime Minister and Members of
Parliament.
Draft bills shall be laid on the table of one of the two Houses.

ARTICLE 53
The Government may declare the unsuitability of any proposal or amendment considered
outside the purview of the legislative power.
In case of disagreement, the Constitutional Council shall take action within a period of eight
days upon request of one of the two Houses or the Government.

ARTICLE 54
Draft bills and proposals shall be examined by the acting committees whose work shall
continue during the interval between the sessions.

ARTICLE 55
During the recess periods, the Government may, in agreement with the committees concerned,
in both Houses, adopt ordinances which shall be submitted, for ratification, during the
following regular session of Parliament.
The draft bill shall be tabled in one of the two Houses. It shall be considered successively
by the relevant committees in both Houses in order to reach a joined decision within aperiod of six days. In case such a decision is not reached, steps shall be taken at the
request of the Government to set up a joint committee with equal representation; it shall
have three days to work out a joint decision for submission to the relevant committees.
The agreement mentioned in the first paragraph of the present article shall be
considered as refused if the joint committee with equal representation has not reached a
decision within the time limits mentioned above or if the decision proposed by the said
committee is not endorsed by the relevant committees within a period of four days .

ARTICLE 56
The Board of each House shall prepare the agenda of the House. Priority shall be given, in
the order defined by the Government, to the discussion of draft bills it introduces and
proposed laws accepted by it.
One meeting per week shall, by priority, be reserved in each House for the questions of the
members of the House and the Government's responses.
The Government shall give a reply within twenty days after their receipt of the question.

ARTICLE 57
Members of each House, as well as the Government, shall have the right to propose
amendments. After the opening of the debates, the Government may object to the examination
of any amendment not submitted, beforehand, to the acting committee concerned.
If requested by the Government, the House in which the text under discussion was tabled
shall take action by single vote on the whole or part of the bill under discussion. Only
amendments proposed or accepted by the Government shall be considered.

ARTICLE 58
Any draft bill or proposed bill shall be considered successively by the two Houses of
Parliament, with a view to adopting an identical text. The House in which the draft bill
is tabled first shall examine the text of the draft bill presented by the Government or the
text of the proposed bill on the agenda. A house in which a bill already adopted by the
other House is tabled, shall deliberate on the draft referred to it.
If a draft bill or a proposed bill cannot be adopted after two readings in each House, or
if the Government proclaims that the matter is urgent after only one reading in each
House, the Government may call a meeting of the joint committee with equal
representation which shall propose a draft on the remaining provisions under
discussion. The text drafted by the joint committee may be submitted by the
Government to the Houses for adoption. No amendment shall be considered except with
the approval of the Government.
If the joint committee has not managed to adopt a joint bill or if the bill has not been
adopted or if the bill has not been adopted by the two Houses, the Government may
submit to the House of Representatives the draft bill or the proposed bill as modified, if
necessary, in the light of amendments reached during parliamentary debates and taken up by the Government. The House of Representatives shall proclaim final adoption of the bill only with the absolute majority of its members.
Provisions adopted by the House of Representatives in compliance with article 75
, paragraph 2, shall be considered as endorsed by the absolute majority of the House.
Organic laws shall be adopted and amended under the same conditions. However the
draft bill or the proposed bill for an organic law shall not be submitted for discussion or
voting at the First House in which it is to be tabled until the end of a ten -day period
following its registration.

 Organic laws pertaining to the House of Counsellors shall be put to the vote under the
same conditions in both Houses.

Organic laws shall not be promulgated until the constitutional Council issues a decision
on their conformity with the Constitution.


CHAPTER FOUR:

THE GOVERNMENT

ARTICLE 59
The Government shall be composed of the Prime Minister and Ministers.

ARTICLE 60
The Government shall be answerable to the King and the Parliament.
After the appointment of the Cabinet members by the King, the Prime Minister shall appear
before each one of the two Houses, to submit the programme to be carried out. Such a
programme shall clearly outline the policy to be adopted by the Government in various areas
of national activity, namely in economic, social, cultural and foreign affairs.
This programme shall come under discussion in each one of the two Houses. At the House
of Representatives, it shall be put to the vote in accordance with the provisions stipulated in
paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 75, and with the implications accounted for in the last paragraph
of the same Article.

ARTICLE 61
Under the Prime Minister's responsibility, the Government shall ensure the execution of the
laws. All public facilities shall be placed at the Government's disposal.

ARTICLE 62
The Prime Minister shall have the right to introduce bills. No draft bill shall be tabled, by his
Department, in one of the two Houses before it is debated in a Cabinet meeting.

ARTICLE 63
The Prime Minister shall exercise the administrative powers.
Decrees endorsed by the Prime Minister shall be countersigned by the Ministers responsible
for the implementation thereof.

ARTICLE 64
The Prime Minister may delegate some of his powers to the Ministers.

ARTICLE 65
The Prime Minister shall be responsible for the co-ordination of ministerial activities.

ARTICLE 66
The Cabinet shall be notified of the following, before any relevant decision is taken:
(a) matters related to general policies of the State;
(b) declaration of martial law
(c) declaration of war;
(d) requesting confidence from the House of representatives to allow the Government to carry
out their responsibilities further;
(e) draft bills, before they are brought to one of the two Houses;
(f) statutory decrees,
(g) decrees mentioned in Articles 40,41,45and 55 of this Constitution :
(h) draft plan;
(i) projects for revising this Constitution

CHAPTER FIVE :

THE BRANCHES

RELATIONS BETWEEN THE KING AND THE PARLIAMENT

ARTICLE 67
The King may request a second reading by the two Houses of any draft bill or proposed law. 

ARTICLE 68
A second reading shall be requested in a message. Such a new reading shall not be refused.
ARTICLE 69
After a second reading, the King may, by Royal Decree, submit any draft bill or proposed law
to referendum, except in the case of those submitted for a new reading which shall have been
adopted or rejected by a two-third majority of the members of each one of the two Houses;

ARTICLE 70
The results of the referendum shall be binding upon all.

ARTICLE 71
After consulting with the Presidents of the two Houses,and the Chairman of the
Constitutional Council and addressing the Nation, the King may decree the dissolution of the
two Houses or of one of them only .

ARTICLE 72
The election of the new Parliament or the new House shall take place, at the latest, three
months after such dissolution.
the King shall, in the meantime, exercise the powers lying with the Parliament in terms of
law making, in addition to those conferred upon him by this Constitution.

ARTICLE 73
When a House is dissolved, the one succeeding it shall not be dissolved until a year after its
election.

ARTICLE 74
The declaration of war shall be announced after notifying the House of' Representatives and
the House of Counsellors.

RELATIONS BETWEEN PARLIAMENT AND THE GOVERNMENT

ARTICLE 75
The Prime Minister may engage the responsibility of the Government before the House of
Representatives through a vote of confidence regarding a statement on a general policy or a
proposal requesting the approval thereof'.

Confidence shall be withdrawn and a bill rejected only by an absolute majority vote of the
Members of the House of' Representatives.

The vote shall be held three clear days after the matter of the vote of confidence has been
raised.
Withdrawal of confidence shall entail the resignation of the Government in a body.

ARTICLE 76
The House of Representative may put into question the pursuance of the Government's
responsibilities by adopting a censure motion. Such a motion shall be acceptable only if
signed by at least one -fourth of the members of the House.
The censure motion shall be approved by the House of Representatives only by an absolute
majority vote of its members. Voting shall take place three clear days only after the motion
has been introduced.
The vote for censure shall entail the resignation of the Government in a body.
Should the Government be censured by the House of Representatives, no other censure
motion shall be acceptable before a year has elapsed.

ARTICLE 77
The House of Counsellors may vote warning or censure motions against the
Government.
The warning motion must be signed by at least one third of the members of the House of
Counsellors. It shall be voted by the absolute majority of the members of the House .
Voting shall take place three clear days after the motion has been introduced.
The text of the warning shall be sent forthwith by the President of the House of
Counsellors to the Prime Minister who shall, within six days, present before the House
of Counsellors, the Government's position concerning the reasons which prompted the
warning.
The government's statement shall be followed by a debate without a vote.
The censure motion shall not be introduced unless it is signed by at least one third of the
members of the House of Counsellors. It shall be approved only after a vote by a 2/3
majority of the members of the House. Voting shall take place three days after the
motion has been introduced.
The vote for censure shall entail the joint resignation of the Government.
Should the Government be censured by the House of Counsellors, no other censure
motion shall be introduced in the House of Counsellors before a year has elapsed.

CHAPTER SIX: 

THE CONSTITUTIONAL COUNCIL

ARTICLE 78
A Constitutional Council shall be established.

ARTICLE 79
The Constitutional Council shall be made up of six members appointed by the King for
a nine -year period.
Upon consultation with parliamentary groups, six other members shall be appointed for
the same period, half of them by the President of the House of Representatives and the
other half by the President of the House of Counsellors. A third of each category of
members shall be renewed every three years.
The chairman of the Constitutional Council shall be selected by the king among the
members appointed by him.
The Chairman and the members of the Constitutional Council shall serve for a non
renewable term of office.

ARTICLE 80
An organic law shall govern the organisation and work of the Constitutional Council as well
as the procedure it shall adopt, particularly with respect to deadlines set for referred disputes.
Likewise, this organic law shall determine the functions which may not be compatible with
that of Council member, the conditions of the first two renewals for a three -year term, as
well as the procedure for replacing inactive members, either as a result of resignation or death
during their term of office.

ARTICLE 81
The Constitutional Council shall perform the functions assigned by the articles of the
Constitution or the provisions of the organic laws. It shall furthermore decide on the validity
of the election of the Members of Parliament and that of referendum operations.
Organic laws -before promulgation - and the Rules of Procedure of each House before
implementation- shall be submitted to the Constitutional Council to look into their consistence
with the Constitution. Before promulgation, laws may, for the same reason, be referred to the
Constitutional Council by the King, the Prime Minister, the President of the House of
Representatives, the President of the House of Counsellors or one-fourth of the members
making up one House or the other.

The Constitutional Council shall have one month to decide upon the special instances stated
in the preceding two paragraphs. However, in case of emergency, the deadline may be
Regarding the above mentioned instances, referring law to the Constitutional Council shall
entail the suspension of the deadline of the promulgation thereof.

No unconstitutional provision shall be promulgated or implemented.

Decisions of the Constitutional Council shall, in no way, be put into question. They shall,
furthermore, be binding upon all public authorities, administrative and judicial sectors.

CHAPTER SEVEN:

THE JUDICIARY

ARTICLE 82
The Judiciary shall be independent from the legislative and executive branches.

ARTICLE 83
Sentences shall be passed and executed in the King's name

ARTICLE 84
Upon recommendations made by the Supreme Council of Magistracy, Magistrates shall be
appointed by Royal Decrees.

ARTICLE 85
Magistrates in the bench shall be irremovable.

ARTICLE 86
The Supreme Council of Magistracy shall be presided over by the King. It shall further
consist of
(a) the Minister of Justice as Vice-President;
(b) the First President of the Supreme Court;
(c) the Prosecutor General in the Supreme Court;
(d) the President of the First Chamber the Supreme Court;
(c) two representatives elected among magistrates of the Court of Appeal;
(i) four representatives elected among magistrates of first degree courts.

ARTICLE 87
reduced to eight days if so requested by the Government. The Supreme Council of Magistracy shall ensure the implementation of the guarantees
granted magistrates regarding their promotion and discipline.

CHAPTER EIGHT:

THE HIGH COURT OF JUSIICE

ARTICLE 88
Members of the Government shall be penally responsible for crimes and felonies they may
commit while exercising their functions.

ARTICLE 89
They may be indicted by the two Houses of Parliament and referred to the High Court of
Justice for trial.

ARTICLE 90
The proposed draft for indictment must be signed by at least a quarter of the members
of the House in which it was tabled first. It shall be examined successively by the two
Houses and shall be approved only when an identical vote is cast by each House by
secret ballot and a two- third majority of its members with the exception of those
members called upon to take part in conducting the prosecution and the investigation
process and issuing the verdict.

ARTICLE 91
The High Court of Justice shall consist of equal numbers of members elected from the
House of Representatives and the House of Counsellors. Its President shall be appointed by
Royal Decree.

ARTICLE 92
An organic law shall determine the number of the High Court members, the method of their
election and the Rules of Procedure to be adopted.

CHAPTER NINE:

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL

ARTICLE 93

An Economic and Social Council shall be established.

ARTICLE 94
The Economic and Social Council may be consulted by the Government, as well as the House
of Representatives and the House of Counsellors on all matters of economic or social nature.
It shall give its opinion on the general guidelines pertaining to the national economy and
training programmes.

ARTICLE 95
The constitution, organisation, prerogatives and rules of procedure of the Economic and
Social Council shall be determined by an organic law.

CHAPTER TEN:

THE AUDIT COURT

ARTICLE 96
The Audit Court shall be responsible for conducting overall supervision of the
implementation of the budget. It shall ensure the sound conduct of receipt and
expenditure operations and evaluate the management of agencies placed under its
control by law.
It shall also take action, when necessary, against violation of the rules governing such
operations.

ARTICLE 97
The Audit Courts shall provide assistance to Parliament and the government in its fields
of competence as defined by the law.
It shall report to the king on all its activities

ARTICLE 98
Regional Audit Court shall be responsible for checking the accounts and assessing the
management of local governments and their groups.

ARTICLE 99
The terms of reference, organisation and rules of procedure of the Audit Court and
regional Audit Courts shall be determined by law.

CHAPTER ELEVEN:

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

ARTICLE 100
The local government of the Kingdom shall consist of Regions, prefectures, provinces and
communes. No other form of local government may be established except by law.

Article 101
Local assemblies shall be elected to be responsible for the conduct of their affairs on the basis
of democratic principles and in accordance with provisions defined by law.
Governors shall carry out decisions by provincial, prefelectoral and regional assemblies in
accordance with the conditions set by the law.

ARTICLE 102
In the provinces, prefectures and regions, governors shall represent the State and see to
it that the law is enforced. They shall be responsible for the implementation of
Government decisions and, to the end, for the management of local departments of
Government agencies.

CHAPTER TWELVE:

REVISING THE CONSTITUTION

ARTICLE 103
The king, the House of Representatives and the House of Counsellors shall have the right to
initiate a revision of the Constitution.
The King shall have the right to submit, directly for referendum, the revision project he may
initiate .

ARTICLE 104
A proposal for revision submitted by one or more members of one of the two Houses shall be
adopted only if voted on by a two -third majority of the members of the House concerned.
The proposal shall be submitted to the other House which may adopt it by a two -third
majority of its members.

ARTICLE 105 

Revision projects and proposals shall be submitted to the nation for referendum by Royal
Decree.
A revision of the Constitution shall be definitive after approval by referendum.

ARTICLE 106
Neither the State system of monarchy nor the prescriptions related to the religion of Islam
may be subject to a constitutional revision.

CHAPTER THIRTEEN:

SPECIAL PROVISIONS

ARTICLE 107
Pending the election of the Houses of Parliament provided for in the present
Constitution, the current House of Representatives shall continue to discharge its duties,
namely by passing the laws required for the setting up of the new Houses of Parliament,
without prejudice to the implementation of the provisions of article 27.

ARTICLE 108
Pending the setting up of the Constitutional Council whose membership shall be
composed in accordance with the provisions of the present Constitution, the current
Constitutional Council shall continue to discharge the duties conferred upon it by the
Constitution and the organic laws.