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Moroccan Politics and Government

Here you will find what we believe is the most comprehensive look at Moroccan politics and government available on the internet.

Overview:

1. Summary of Moroccan Structure of Government (below)

 

Summary of Moroccan Structure of Government

Basic Principles:

  • democratic, social and constitutional monarchy
  • people shall have the power to vote
  • there shall be no one-party system
  • the law shall rule over all
  • All Moroccan citizens are equal before the law
    • Men and women shall enjoy equal political rights
  • Any citizen is eligible to vote provided
    • They are 18 years and older
    • They must register to vote
    • They have not been
      • Convicted to prison
      • Had their voting rights removed by court
      • Bankrupt 
      • In Contempt
      • Legally prohibited
      • Sentenced to national degridation
  • Islam is the state religion and the state shall guarantee freedom of worship for all.
  • The constitution guarantees
    • Freedom of movement throughout the country
    • Freedom of opinion and expression in all forms
    • Freedom of public gathering
    • Freedom to belong to any union or political group 
    • No one shall be arrested except under the procedures described by law
    • Freedom to protest
    • Freedom for private property and free enterprise
    • Some of these freedoms, when necessary can be limited by law.

Monarchy:

  • The King is the Ruler of the Faithful
  • The King is the Defender of the Faith and shall guarantee respect for the constitution
  • The King is the Protector of the rights and liberties of the citizensKingship is hereditary
  • The King shall appoint a Prime Minister and Cabinet Members
  • The King is Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces
  • The King shall appoint ambassadors to foreign nations and organizations
  • The King will preside over the Council of the Magistracy, Education, and National Restructuring and Planning.
  • The King has the power to pardon


Parliament:

  • Parliament is made up of two houses
  • House of Representatives
    • Members are elected to six year terms
    • The number of representatives, and eligibility requirements are dictated by organic law.
    • There shall be one elected President (Three year term) of the House of Representatives.
    • There shall be a Board as part of the House of Representatives, elected in one year terms in proportion to their party's size in the House of Representatives.
      • The Board shall prepare the agenda for the HouseHouse of Counselors
  • House of Counselors
    • Consists of members elected by the electoral college of each region and elected members of trade chambers, and members elected by the electoral college of wage-earners' representatives
    • Members are elected to 9 year terms, elections are held every three years.
    • A President of the House of Counselors and Board members shall be elected as well
    • The Board shall prepare the agenda for the House
  • The Parliament meets in 2 3 month sessions a year
  • Meetings are open to the public
  • Powers of the Parliament
    • Determine offenses and penalties, penal and civil procedures and new categories of jurisdiction
    • the statute of magistrates
    • the general statute of public offices;
    • the fundamental guarantees granted civil and military personnel;
    • the electoral system of local assemblies and councils;
    • the regulation of civil and commercial liabilities;
    • the establishment of new public agencies;
    •  the nationalization of enterprises or the transfer thereof from the public to the private sector.

The Government:

  • Made of Prime Minister and Ministers (the Cabinet)
  • Answerable to the King and to Parliament
  • Ensures the execution of the Law

Constitutional Council

  • Made of
    • 6 members appointed by the King for 9 year terms
    • + 6 other members appointed from the House of Representatives and Counselors for 9 year terms
    • + a third category of member appointed for 3 year term
    • Chairman selected by the king
  • The Council shall
    • carry out the duties prescribed to it by organic law
    • Confirm the validity of the elections of members of Parliament

Judiciary Branch

  • Independent of Legislative and Executive Branches
  • Sentences shall be passed and executed in the King's name
  • Magistrates are appointed by Royal Decree and are irremovable
  • This Branch is presided over by the King
  • It consists of
    • The Minister of Justice
    • The First President of the Supreme Court
    • The Prosecutor General of the Supreme Court
    • The President of the First Chamber of the Supreme Court
    • Two representatives elected among magistrates of the Court of Appeal
    • Four Representatives elected among magistrates of the first degree courts

Local Government

  • Local government shall be divided into
    • Regions
    • Prefectures
    • Provinces
    • Communes
    • Assemblies shall be elected at these levels to carry out the affairs in accordance to the law
    • Governors shall carry out the decisions by these various assemblies